An Overview of Abuse
Forms of Abuse
A healthy relationship is when two people develop a connection based on:
- Physical abuse
- Emotional abuse
- Sexual abuse
- Digital abuse (cyber bullying)
- Financial abuse
- Abuse of power
Categories of Abuse
- Domestic abuse (abusive relationships)
- Abuse of the elderly or disabled
- Child abuse and neglect
- Self abuse
- Alcohol and substance abuse
- Bullying and cyber bullying by peer groups
Abuse can take many forms. When we talk about abuse, we may mean any of the following:
- Physical abuse
- Emotional abuse
- Sexual abuse
- Digital abuse (cyber bullying)
- Financial abuse
- Abuse of power
These basic forms of abuse can then be further defined into several broad categories:
- Domestic abuse (abusive relationships)
- Abuse of the elderly or disabled
- Child abuse and neglect
- Self abuse
- Alcohol and substance abuse
- Bullying and cyber bullying by peer groups
One of the problems with abuse is that it tends to take away a person's self confidence. Victims of abuse can begin to feel as though they have somehow brought the abuse upon themselves; that they are responsible for the situation or even actually to blame for it. This may happen as a result of the abuser telling them this (common in domestic abuse) as an extra form of control and intimidation. Or, it can happen as a result of a loss of self worth through the process of abuse. Even abusers can begin to hate themselves, although they are powerless to stop what they are doing. All of this means that abuse is often hidden. Both the abused and the abuser are afraid to bring attention to the problem, and so the cycle gains severity and momentum. It takes courage to 'come clean' about abuse, but whichever position you are in it is the only way to stop it.
The first step to dealing with abuse is to recognise that you are trapped in the cycle: i.e., to admit to yourself that there is a problem. Many victims of abuse exist in a state of denial for a long time. They rationalise that an odd slap or shove doesn't constitute abuse. It does. Abuse comes at many levels, and even the lower levels of abuse can be damaging and dangerous. A push can cause serious injury, especially if the victim is standing near to hard objects, at the top of the stairs, near a window or beside a road. Abusers are out of control, and although 'just a push' may seem insignificant to them, they don't stop to think through the consequences. A child, directing insults at another child, may have no idea of the potential harm of their actions. What is taken as 'sticks and stones' by one child can send another spiralling down into fear and self loathing. So, recognizing abuse is the first step to stopping it and recovering from it.
What Constitutes Abuse?
Are You Being Abused?
It can be tough to think of yourself as being "abused", but it's important to realize when and if you are being abused. Don't be a doormat, KNOW your rights and KNOW what a healthy relationship actually is.
To help with the recognition process, take a look at the various abuses that take place in the forms of abuse listed earlier.
- Physical abuse: Physical abuse can take place within a number of contexts. It can be part of domestic or spousal abuse in a relationship. It can be part of bullying in the school playground or elsewhere between children. Physical abuse can also affect the elderly (in care homes, in the home, or elsewhere). Physical abuse is usually taken to mean some level of violence being involved. Physical abuse can also include neglect.
Recognizing physical abuse for what it is can be easy...or hard. Of course, physical abuse can mean slaps, punches, kicks, beatings, stabbings burnings...but it can also include pushing, shaking, poking with a finger or shaking. Then there is neglect. This typically involves the vulnerable members of our society: the elderly, the infirm, the disabled and the young. It's harder to recognise sometimes as it is all about what those in a position of responsibility (parents, teachers, doctors, carers) do not do, rather than what they actually do. Neglect (in the context of physical abuse) involves a failure to provide for the physical needs of someone. It can mean a failure to provide adequate nutrition, shelter, supervision and safety, clothing or medical treatment. Physical harm can also occur though neglecting to give sufficient attention to a vulnerable person.
- Emotional abuse: Emotional abuse can be even harder to qualify and recognise. It includes being made to feel inadequate, name calling and verbal abuse, but it can also involve neglect. Emotional abuse can be tied up with physical abuse, or the removal of comforts or even comfort objects. A woman whose partner stays out at night without informing her could be a subject of emotional abuse too. Different situations constitute emotional abuse for different individuals, complicating the issues further. However, as a guide, if you feel at all threatened within a relationship, or afraid to make your point in a discussion or be able to say when something is upsetting you, you are probably a victim of emotional abuse. An unreasonably jealous partner who tries to control your life and affects your everyday interactions with others is guilty of emotional abuse. Emotional abuse takes a lot of different forms, and the abuser is very often unaware of the harm of his actions.
- Sexual abuse: Again, sexual abuse can be mild or severe in terms of the actions that take place, but any level of sexual abuse is wrong and both victim and perpetrator need help to stop the cycle. Sexual abuse can be anything that makes a person feel uncomfortable violated, afraid, embarrassed or is performed against their will. Any inappropriate (without freely given permission) touching of the body or sexual zones ...or even the threat of this...is sexual abuse. Coercion into sexual acts not of your choosing, even within the context of an otherwise loving relationship is sexual abuse. Even sexual remarks, which don't involve physical touching, can be termed sexual abuse. Again, the perpetrator is often in denial and cannot accept that what they are doing is wrong, feeling that they are just expressing love or that if you loved them, you would want to please them by doing as they wish. Women in an abusive relationship can be made to feel that they are frigid or simply lacking in the ability to truly love their partner.
- Stalking: Stalking is another form of abuse. It can be anything from mildly annoying, to terrifying and downright dangerous. Stalking also takes many different forms. It can occur over the internet or on the telephone, or in reality. If you are receiving unwanted and constant mail, email, phone calls or someone is following you or watching your house, you are being stalked. A stalker may be someone you know, like an ex lover or work colleague, or may be a total stranger. If you experience stalking, it is necessary to seek help immediately. Don't assume it will go away, or that a low level threat will remain so. Many stalkers escalate their behavior over time.
- Bullying: Bullying is typically an abuse that takes place between children or teenagers, although it can also occur in the adult world. Again, there are many levels of bullying. Some children who bully others have really no perception of how upsetting their behavior is, so the bullies can need as much help as the victims. Bullying can be emotional, verbal or physical. It can cause actual physical harm and mental anguish. Sometimes bullies pick a victim for reasons like being gay or being perceived to be gay, being overweight, poorly dressed, or anything that somehow marks them out as 'different'. Or, there can be no apparent reason for the bullying.
A child who is being bullied may become withdrawn, start skipping school or display other signs of distress. Some children become very adept at hiding their distress from their families and teachers, however, so you do need to be vigilant. Bullying is very common. A report by the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry states that as many as half of all school age children are bullied at some point, while around 10% experience serious, regular bullying.
- Cyber bullying: Cyber or digital bullying is a form of bullying that takes place over the internet or a mobile phone. The bullied child receives unwanted, sometimes threatening calls, emails and posts to social networking sites. It can be even more psychologically damaging than physical bullying as the child feels unable to escape from the bullies, even in the supposed 'safety' of his own home. If your child becomes unusually defensive about his computer, or about his mobile phone, he may be being cyber bullied.
- Financial abuse: Financial abuse is any abuse involving money. It can be perpetrated by an individual or an organization. If someone forces you to take money from your account to give to them, takes money from you, pressures you into giving them money, borrows from you and refuses to repay the loan, forces you to sign something without explaining the full implications or allowing you to read the small print, takes your benefits or charges for services you have not received or requested, it is financial abuse. Financial abuse can also involve cowboy traders who undertake work and leave a substandard job after receiving payment.
- Abuse of power: Virtually all instances of abuse involve some level of abuse of power. Most abuses are committed as a way of controlling the victim. However, abuse of power in a more specific sense means abuse of any type by a person in a position of trust and responsibility. This may be someone like a doctor, a teacher, a care worker, a carer or parent. It may also be an employer.
Specific abuses may be categorized as the following:
- Domestic abuse/spousal abuse: This takes place within the context of a relationship, between a couple. It is commonly thought to be the abuse of a woman by a male partner, but it can also occur between same sex couples or be perpetrated by a woman upon her male partner. This type of abuse has many levels, and may or may not escalate over time. Control, insecurity, jealousy and low self esteem may be at the root of the problem. The abuse can be emotional or physical, but is never excusable. Often the abuser is in denial of the situation and perceives his (or her) behavior to be 'normal' or in some way justified. This situation can become more complex as frequently the abused begins to believe that she has deserved the abuse for some real or imagined reason.
- Abuse of the elderly or disabled: This type of abuse can also involve neglect and financial exploitation. It is often perpetrated by those in a position of authority, and so is also categorized as an abuse of power. It typically takes place in care homes, hospitals or in the victim's own home. The elderly or disabled victims are often afraid or unable to report the abuse, making it essential for those in contact with them to be extra vigilant. Once more, abuse of the elderly or disabled can take the form of physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse or financial abuse.
- Child abuse: Child abuse, like all other abuses, is never acceptable in any form. Whether it is physical or emotional, sexual or takes the form of neglect, it can leave scars that are difficult to heal and affect the rest of a young person's life. Sometimes the abuse is overt and easy to spot, but in many cases the abuser has an incomplete understanding of the child's needs and rights. Many who have themselves been abused as children can become abusers themselves as they grow older and have children. These types of abusers may even believe that they are expressing their love for the child in the only way that they were brought up to understand.
- Self Abuse: Self abuse, often called self harm, is common among teenagers and young people. Most commonly, this takes the form of cutting the skin, but it can involve any type of self inflicted injury. Contrary to popular opinion, self harm is not usually an attention seeking ploy. Rather, it is often done in secret, with the sufferer going to considerable lengths to cover up the damage. Self harmers find a sense of short lived relief from their problems by cutting or inflicting an injury on themselves. Self harm can become an addiction, and always requires help as it can also represent a serious threat to physical as well as mental health.
- Substance abuse: Substance abuse can involve the misuse of prescription drugs, recreational drugs or alcohol. It may or may not go hand in hand with other mental health disorders or emotional problems. Substance abuse can result from many different causes. It may be that the sufferer has succumbed to peer pressure to become involved in taking drugs or drinking, or it may come about as a result of an addiction to pain killing drugs originally prescribed for legitimate health reasons. Sometimes the addiction comes about due to emotional problems as the sufferer turns to substances to seek relief from emotional pain and stress.
There are as many reasons for abuse occurring as there are types of abuse.
- Child abuse: This can occur as a result of a parent's inability to cope with the pressures of being a parent. Often, this type of child abuse takes the form of neglect, or hitting and shaking as the parent or carer spirals out of control and simply cannot deal with the child's behavior or needs. It can also occur when a new partner joins the family, and is thrown into an environment with which they are not equipped to cope properly. New partners may also abuse children out of jealousy of the time and love given to the child. Child sex abusers are often the product of an abusive relationship with their own parents, and are mistakenly expressing 'love' in the only way they were brought up to know. People with mental health issues or substance and alcohol abuse problems may also become child abusers.
- Abuse of the elderly: Abuse of the elderly or disabled can also occur as a result of the carer's inability to cope with the amount of care required by an aged or disabled person. Dealing with an elderly parent, for example, can not only be physically exhausting but also emotionally draining, especially if a mental illness like Alzheimer's Disease is thrown into the equation. It can be very distressing to see a much loved parent descend into a needy, child like state, and much support can be required for the carer to come to terms with these changes. Parents or carers of disabled children or other family members can also find it impossible to cope with the physical and emotional strain. Once more, if the carer suffers from mental health issues themselves, or has addiction problems, abuse is more likely to follow.
- Domestic abuse: Domestic abuse or spousal abuse can have a vast range of root causes. An abusive partner may behave in this way to try to gain control over the other partner's behavior and daily life from insecurity in themselves. Abuse in this context is often a control issue rather than a loss of self control. This can be seen to be true as most people who abuse their partner in the home do not behave in this way with others in their lives, and are perfectly capable of controlling their behavior outside the domestic setting. Like other forms of abuse, however, domestic abuse can occur because of mental illness or addiction. It can also be a 'learned behavior resulting from an abusive family background. A man who spent his childhood watching his father beat his mother and rationalise that behavior as justified, for example, may grow up into becoming a 'wife beater', himself through conditioning.
- Bullying and cyber bullying: As this type of abuse is usually perpetrated by children on other children, it can be a little different from the other forms of abuse. Some bullies have no perception of how their actions are affecting the other child. Others bully as a result of peer pressure, in an attempt to fit in with a group and thus avoid being bullied themselves. Others have already been bullied, and simply perpetuate a cycle of learned behavior or bully out of a misplaced revenge on those who bullied them. Some bullies also have a need to control the lives and emotions of others. The child who is doing the bullying usually needs help as much as the child who is being bullied.
- Sexual abuse: Sexual abuse covers many different situations, and can have just as many causes. It can result from a past of being sexually abused so that the behavior seems normal to the abuser. It can result from a loss of self esteem in another area of the abuser's life, so he or she seeks to control another sexually as a way of re asserting power. It can also stem from mental illness or substance abuse. In some circumstances, excessive exposure to pornography can lead to abuse, as the abuser adopts an unrealistic attitude to sexual relationships. Sexual abuse can occur between partners, in families (perpetrated upon children or even the elderly or disabled), in care homes or hospitals, or be carried out by a stranger such as in rape cases. Sexual abuse is usually about power and control rather than actually about the need or desire for sex.
- Self abuse: Self abuse or self harm is often a result of emotional pain and stress. A self harmer seeks to assert control over an area of their lives that they feel is lacking in other areas. Or they may inflict injury on themselves to relieve the emotional pain they are suffering, replacing it with a tangible, physical and therefore more understandable pain. Sufferers gain a sense of release by self harming, using the action to express emotions they are unable to express in words or more 'normal' actions.
- Alcohol and substance abuse: Alcohol abuse in particular, can stem from a normal, acceptable level of alcohol usage but spiral out of control. Some excessive drinkers simply develop a higher tolerance to alcohol and find that they need to drink more and more to gain the feelings of pleasure, euphoria or calm that one or two drinks used to give them, so they simply increase their intake over time. The same can be true of drugs use and misuse. In the case of legal drugs, like painkillers or anti depressants, the body adjusts to require higher and higher doses in order to achieve the desired effect. Sometimes problems can result from lack of attention on the part of the health professional supplying the prescriptions, or from the patient using more devious methods to acquire the drugs.
Whether you are abused, are a self abuser or are abusing others, you need help to escape the cycles of abuse. There are many sources of help, and it's important to know what can be done and where you can turn for assistance. The first step is to admit to yourself that there is a problem, and that you need help. That can be harder than it sounds, as many who are caught up in cycles of abuse keep the problem hidden, not just from others but also from themselves. The pressures of society can make it difficult to admit that you suffer from abuse, and admitting it can feel like admitting to being a failure. The stigma of mental illness can be another difficulty.
If You Are Being Abused:
- Domestic abuse: If you are being abused by your partner the simple answer is to leave the relationship. In fact, although this is the advice frequently given by friends and family, it is not always so easy to do. An abused partner can still feel that she is in love with the abusive partner, and not wish to end the relationship, clinging to the hope that he will change and that the abuse will come to an end. She may feel responsible for the abuse, and undeserving of help. She may also feel that she has nowhere to go, and no financial resources with which to begin a new life. Or, she may stay because she is afraid of the consequences should the abusive partner find her after she has left. If children are involved it can become even more difficult. However, whatever the situation, there are things that you can do to escape. Everyone has the right to live a life without abuse or fear of abuse. If the problem is containable, i.e.; if you are sure that your abusive partner will not pursue you and you have some financial resources of your own, you can of course, simply tell him to leave. But if things are rather more complicated,there are people that you can turn to. You could try speaking with your doctor or social worker. Help and advice can be found through Domestic Violence programs in your locality. There are domestic violence shelters where you can go, taking your children with you. These programs and shelters will help equip you to move on to an abuse free life by providing temporary shelter, employment or education programs, counselling, legal help, financial assistance and support groups.
The Plan of Attack to Escape Domestic Abuse
Read the above article on what exact specific steps to take to escape from a domestic abuse situation
- Child abuse: If you are a child or teenager who is being abused you may feel that there is nothing that you can do to change your situation. But there is. If you are able, you can speak to your doctor, teacher, minister or anyone in a position of authority that you can trust. Sometimes there may be a family member or parent of a good friend who can help. But, if there is no one that you feel able to ask for help, you can call a helpline (contacts given in Resources List following). There are also websites that you can use to find email or postal contacts. You can get help and you can escape this abuse, whether it is emotional, physical or sexual. You are entitled to a safe and happy life.
- Abuse of the elderly or disabled: In many cases, the abused is unable to speak up for themselves. However, if you are an elderly or disabled person who is aware that you are being abused, you have as much right as anyone to speak up and ask for help. There are national and local helplines available for you to call, if you are not able to speak directly to your doctor, health worker, care professional or another family member.
If You Suspect Someone You Know Is Being Abused:
It can be difficult to decide when to speak up, if you know or suspect that someone you know is being abused. If the abuse appears to be low level you may feel it is better left to the abuser and abused themselves to sort out. You may feel that you don't want to 'interfere' in someone else's business. You may assume that the abused person is capable of speaking up for themselves to request help if help is needed. It can seem like a fine line to walk.
If the person being abused is a friend or family member, you can, of course, try speaking to them first to offer help. However, many abused people are not able or are unwilling to admit what is happening to them. In the case of the abuse of a child or an elderly or disabled person, it is probably necessary to seek outside help immediately. However, even in other cases, such as spousal abuse, do not assume that the abused is capable of self help. If you suspect abuse you can follow the same steps as outlined above for people who are being abused. You can speak to a health professional or teacher, or contact the national or local help lines as given under resources, choosing the one that is most appropriate.
If You Are Abusing Yourself:
If you are trapped in a cycle of self abuse or self harm, you should not be ashamed or afraid to ask for help. You can confide in a responsible trusted friend or adult, or talk to you doctor, teacher or health professional. If you do not feel able to do this, or don't have such a person that you can turn to, again there are websites and helplines that are specifically set up to supply the help and advice you need to recover from your problems. If you are feeling suicidal, there are also helplines that you can call for instant emergency support and counselling, depending on where in the world you live.
If You Are Addicted to Drugs or Alcohol:
Anyone who is experiencing addiction problems with substances, drugs (legal or otherwise) or alcohol has a number of choices. Sometimes self help can work, and it may be possible to make the changes to your lifestyle that you need to make without recourse to outside help. However, as addiction can be a real, physical thing as well as an emotional one, willpower alone is not always enough. Research has shown that success in conquering alcohol or substance abuse problems is more likely if you have some form of outside support too. It is also true that withdrawing from alcohol or substance abuse can be dangerous and even life threatening, so it's best to undertake any program with the help of a trained advisor or health professional. You can turn to a support group like Alcoholics Anonymous or ask your doctor for information about local groups. If medical intervention is needed, a doctor can prescribe the appropriate treatments.
If You Are An Abuser:
If you are a person who is abusing someone else, in whatever way, you first need to accept that you have a problem that requires help. No form of abuse is acceptable, and while some may seem more serious than others they can all escalate and all need to be addressed. Once you have accepted that there is a problem, you are part way to solving it, so well done. You need to know that in many cases (in serious cases, like cases of child abuse, rape or violence there may be consequences to face, but seeking help will always count in your favour), help is available to you.
The list below is not comprehensive, but provides links to known available help. For local help, internet search your state, province or county. These organizations should not ask for money in return for help. If any do, search again for charities and organizations that offer the help for free.
General Resources For Victims of Abuse (General)
http://www.befrienders.org/helplines/helplines.asp?c2=USA The Befrienders network provides emergency help and advice to anyone in crisis or who may be considering suicide.
http://www.samaritans.org/talk_to_someone.aspx The Samaritans helpline will answer calls and provide support to anyone in crisis or who is considering committing suicide.
Voice UK: Helpline 0808 802 8686
Telephone support and information for adults and children with learning disabilities who have been abused, and for their families and carers.
Mind (National Association for Mental Health): 0845 766 0163
SupportLine: 01708 765200, email email@example.com- Telephone Helpline providing confidential emotional support to children, young adults and adults on any issue. Aimed at those who are isolated, vulnerable, at risk groups and victims of any form of abuse
Childline: 0800 1111, www.childline.org.uk - Free national helpline for children and young people in danger and distress. Also booklets on bullying
Kidscape Campaign for Children's Safety: Admin 020 7730 3300, Helpline 08451 205 204, www.kidscape.org.uk - Telephone helpline providing support for parents and produce free parents guides on issues relating to bullying. Also run one day courses for children who have been severely bullied.
Education Otherwise Association Ltd. 0845 478 6345,www.education-otherwise.net - Telephone information and support for families who wish to educate their children outside school
Advisory Centre for Education: 0808 800 5793, www.ace-ed.org.uk - Helpline offering advice on special education needs, exclusions, admissions, bullying
Bullywatch: 01454 318753, www.bullywatch.org - Aims to help anyone who is involved with bullying issues
www.antibullying.net – Established by the Scottish Executive for parents, teachers and young people
www.bbclic.com - Website for children and young people includes case studies, games, gallery and advice
www.beatbullying.org - Information and support
www.bullyfreezone.co.uk - Raises awareness of alternative ways of resolving conflict and of reducing incidences of bullying
www.coastkid.org – Anti-bullying website with helpful advice and information
www.e-victims.org - advice regarding online bullying, harassment, cyberstalking and safety tips.
www.teenagehealthfreak.org - Information on wide range of issues for teens including bullying
- http://www.befrienders.org/ Befrienders network operates worlwide to help those in crisis. The link allows you to find your nearest service.
Resources for victims of domestic abuse (including elder and spousal abuse)
- http://www.thehotline.org/ National Domestic Violence hotline.
- http://www.mysistersplacedc.org/index.html Provides comprehensive programs of assistance for victims of domestic abuse. Contains many links to help.
- http://www.womenslaw.org/gethelp_type.php?type_name=State%20and%20Local%20Programs A directory of shelters providing help for women escaping domestic violence.
- Aanchal: 0845 451 2547 (serves London area)
24 hour telephone helpline and services for Asian women who have experienced domestic violence, emotional support, group work and counseling. (based E15).
- SupportLine: 01708 765200
Telephone Helpline providing confidential emotional support to Children, Young Adults and Adults on any issue including domestic violence.
- Freephone 24 Hour National Domestic Violence Helpline: 0808 2000 247
- Action on Elder Abuse: 0808 808 8141
- Broken Rainbow: 0300 999 5428
Support for lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgender people suffering domestic violence.
- The Freedom Programme: 01547 520228
A 12 week rolling programme for women who wish to learn about the reality of domestic violence and abuse.
- Hidden Hurt:
Abuse Information and Support Site.
- Jewish Women's Aid: 0808 801 0500
Services for Jewish women experiencing domestic violence.
- Rights of Women - 020 7251 6577
Telephone legal advice service for women.
Sexual Violence Legal AdviceLine: 020 7251 8887 (phone) or 020 7490 2562 (textphone) Mondays 11am-1pm and Tuesdays 10am-12 noon.
- Scottish Domestic Abuse Helpline: 0800 027 1234
24 hour Helpline providing information and support for those affected by domestic abuse.
- Southall Black Sisters: 020 8571 9595
Advice, information and emotional support for black and Asian women.
- Wales Domestic Abuse: Helpline 0808 80 10 800
24 hour helpline free and confidential for anybody experiencing or concerned about someone experiencing domestic abuse (women, men and children).
- Victim Support Helpline: 0845 30 30 900
- http://www.hotpeachpages.net/ Worldwide help for victims of domestic abuse.
Resources for victims of sexual abuse:
- http://www.rainn.org/get-help/national-sexual-assault-hotline National charity providing emergency and follow up help for victims of sexual assault.
- Rape & Sexual Abuse Support Centre: Helpline 0808 802 9999, Counselling 020 8683 3311
email firstname.lastname@example.org; www.rasasc.org.uk
Helpline support and information for all survivors of rape or childhood sexual abuse.
- Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority: Helpline 0300 003 3601, www.cica.gov.uk - If you have reported a crime of rape or sexual assault, you may be able to claim compensation throgh this resource.
- Dabs Pathfinder Service: 01255 675351,www.dabspathfinder.org - Qualified counsellors available to help you find the help you need. This is not a telephone counselling service but a chance to talk over what sort of help or counselling would suit you best and to help you to find the best local counsellor.
- Family Matters: 01474 537392, www.familymattersuk.org- Helpline and counselling for people of all ages who have experienced rape or childhood sexual abuse. (Counselling South East London, North East, North West and Mid Kent).
- First Person Plural: PO Box 2537, Wolverhampton WV4 4ZL, email email@example.com,www.firstpersonplural.org.uk - UK wide survivor led association for survivors of trauma and abuse. ist and meetings for survivors for members only.
- The Havens: www.thehavens.org.uk - Service for anyone in London who has been raped or sexually assaulted (women, men, children). Centres staffed by specifically trained experienced professionals who give medical help and advice, counselling, practical emotional support, help with deciding whether to report crime to the Police, advice relating to pregnancy, sexually transmitted disease.
- Haven Camberwell – Kings College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London SE5 9RS: 020 3299 1599 9am-5pm Monday to Friday or020 3299 9000 at other times.
- Haven Paddington – St. Marys Hospital, Praed Street, London W2 1NY: 0203 312 1101 Mon to Fri 9am to 5pm 0203 312 6666 at other times.
- Haven Whitechapel – The Royal London Hospital, London E1 5BD: 020 7247 4787 at any time.
- Poppy Project: 020 7735 2062 , www.eaves4women.co.uk- A Project run by Eaves providing support and accommodation for women who have been trafficked into the UK for the purposes of prostitution or domestic servitude.
- Rape and Abuse Line: 0808 8000 123 (Answered by Female Support Workers) 0808 8000 122 (Answered by Male Support Workers), www.rapeandabuseline.co.uk - Freephone helplines for anyone affected by rape or abuse.
- Rape Crisis: www.rapecrisis.org.uk - See website for list of rape crisis centres. Also information and practical advice.
- Rape & Sexual Abuse Support Centre: 0808 802 9999,www.rasasc.org.uk - Helpline support and information for survivors of rape or childhood sexual abuse through UK.
- Respond: 0808 808 0700, www.respond.org.uk - Helpline, counselling and psychotherapy for children, adults and elders with learning difficulties who are either victims or perpetrators of sexual abuse.
- Roofie Foundation:
www.roofie.com - Information, help and support relating to drug rape.
- Victim Support: 0845 303 0900, www.victimsupport.org.uk- Trained volunteers give emotional support and practical advice and can accompany victims to police stations and court if needed and help with application for compensation.
- Voice UK: 0808 802 8686, www.voiceuk.org.uk - Telephone support and information for adults and children with learning disabilities who have been abused.
- SupportLine: 01708 765200, email firstname.lastname@example.org- Details of rape crisis centres and other services for victims of rape or sexual assault across the UK.
- www.abuselaw.co.uk - a website which provides easy access to information for child and adult survivors of physical, sexual and psychological abuse on all aspects of this complex area of law.
- www.met.police.uk/sapphire - specialist police units providing help for anyone who has been raped, sexually assaulted with details of Sapphire Units across the London/S.E. areas covered by the Met.Police.
- www.survive.org.uk – site set up by a survivor of rape
- www.aest.org.uk – information and support for female and male survivors of rape and sexual assault and childhood abuse
- www.hiddenmarks.org.uk website set up in response to the National Union of Students survey into rape and sexual assault among students, provides support and information relating to physical and sexual assault
- www.bashh.org - click Clinic Directory – website for British Assoc. for Sexual Health & HIV – directory of clinics throughout UK
- www.courtroomadvice.co.uk - Step by step advice for going to court.
- www.patient.co.uk – click on Health and Diseases Leaflets then P – for information and self help guide for post traumatic stress
- www.surgerydoor.co.uk – click on Medical Conditions, then mental health and select post traumatic stress from list for information and self help guide.
Resources for victims of child abuse:
- http://www.childwelfare.gov/preventing/programs/types/sexualabuse.cfm Contains many links to help.
- Childline: 0800 1111, www.childline.org.uk - A confidential 24hr free telephone helpline
- Eighteen and Under: 0800 731 4080 (Area served SCOTLAND), website www.18u.org.uk - Support, information and helpline for young people under 18 who have experienced any type of abuse
- Get Connected: 0808 808 4994, www.getconnected.org.uk Free telephone and email helpline finding young people the best help whatever the problem. Can connect a child or young person to any UK helpline where appropriate
- Muslim Youth Helpline: 0808 808 2008 (Area served LONDON), email email@example.com, www.myh.org.uk - Helpline providing culturally sensitive support to Muslim youth under the age of 25.
- National Youth Advocacy Service: 0800 616101, firstname.lastname@example.org, www.nyas.net - Provides information, advice, advocacy and legal representation to young people up to the age of 25 through a network of advocates through England and Wales
- SupportLine: 01708 765200, email email@example.com- A confidential telephone helpline providing emotional support and befriending.
- Voice For the Child In Care 0808 800 5792,www.voiceyp.org - Telephone advice, information and advocacy services for children in care. Helpline for care leavers: 0808 100 3224. Visiting advocacy service for children in secure units and other residential homes.
- www.childnet-int.org - Website which helps to make the internet a safe and helpful place for children
- www.youthaccess.org.uk – Online information on local youth information, advice, counseling and support services
Resources for drug, and alcohol abuse:
- http://nationalsubstanceabuseindex.org/ contains a directory of local suport centres and helplines.
- http://nationalsubstanceabuseindex.org/fedresources.htm contains links to help from various approved sources.
- Al-Anon Family Groups UK and Eire: 020 7403 0888: www.al-anonuk.org.uk - Helpline providing support for families and friends of problem drinkers.
- Alcohol Concern: www.alcoholconcern.org.uk - includes online directory of local services.
- Alcohol Focus Scotland (Area served Scotland):www.alcohol-focus-scotland.org.uk - Telephone information, advice and other services for people concerned about their own or someone else's drinking.
- Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): 0845 7697 555,www.alcoholics-anonymous.org.uk - Over 3,300 groups in the UK. Help drinkers to stay sober and to help other alcoholics to achieve sobriety.
- Drinkline: 0800 917 8282 - Advice and information for people with alcohol problems or anyone concerned about alcohol misuse. Advice on sensible drinking and information on services to help people cut down on their drinking
- Foundation66 – 020 7234 9940 www.foundation66.org.uk– Foundation66 provides range of services for those needing support for problematic alcohol and drug use. Runs services across 18 London boroughs including community services, floating support, housing services, residential care services.
- National Association for Children of Alcoholics: 0800 358 3456, www.nacoa.org.uk - Helpline offering information, advice and support to children of alcoholics and people concerned about their welfare
- Richmond Fellowship: 020 7697 3300,www.richmondfellowship.org.uk - Provides residential care counselling and support, as well as rehabilitation and work skills, to men/women who are recovering from emotional disturbance, addiction and mental health problems. Run a national network of over 104 projects and work schemes
- Salvation Army: 020 7367 4500,www.salvationarmy.org.uk - Runs homes for the treatment of alcoholics and drug addicts
- www.sobriety.org – community for everyone who wants to live a clean and healthy life free from alcohol and drug abuse.
- Sort out Stress: www.sort-out-stress.co.uk - Site aimed at men includes information relating to Alcohol
- SupportLine Telephone Helpline: 01708 765200, firstname.lastname@example.org - Provides emotional support and details of local helplines, counsellors providing specific help relating to alcohol
- Teetotallers Register: 01323 638234 - Offers mutual support to anyone who wishes to abstain totally from alcohol.
- Turning Point: 020 7481 7600, email email@example.com, www.turning-point.co.uk - To enable people with serious problems related to drug and alcohol misuse, mental health and learning disabilities to lead more independent lives by providing high quality community services.
- Young People: For information about alcohol check out information at www.thesite.org run by YouthNet UK
- www.videojug.com - Click Health on top bar then click on Mental Health, scroll down to Addictions
Resources for self abusers:
- Self Injury - 1-800-DON'T-CUT (366-8288)
Resources for abusers and potential abusers:
- 1-800-4-A-CHILD This is a helpline that you can call to find help and support to break the cycles of abuse if you are a child abuser or feel that you may be in danger of becoming an abuser.
- STOP IT NOW!: 0808 1000 900 www.stopitnow.org.uk
. This is a campaign that aims firstly to help child victims of abuse and to prevent child abuse. However, they also provide counselling for adults who are worried about their thoughts or behaviour towards children.
- RESPOND: 0808 808 0700
Helpline, counselling and psychotherapy for children, adults and elders with learning difficulties who are either victims or perpetrators of sexual abuse and other trauma.
- AVP Britain (Alternatives to Violence Project): 020 7324 4757, (for London and the South East) For other areas see website contact details www.avpbritain.org.uk - Workshops for anyone who has difficulty with anger, anyone who is a bully or is bullied or for anyone who wants to find an alternative to violence.
Resources for those wishing to report suspected or actual abuse:
Most of the above links to national or local helplines and centres for victims of abuse will also be happy to advise you if you think or know that an abuse of any sort is taking place.
- Call Justice For Children. 1-800-733-0059.
- NSPCC Helpline: 0800 800 500
- Text service: 88858
- Stop It Now: 0808 1000 900, www.stopitnow.org.uk - Also provide information to parents whose children may be sexually abusing other children.